|Posted by 1308ashutosh on April 20, 2012 at 8:20 AM|
First time in my life I am writing any blog. So if there is any mistake then withoutany hesitation you can tell me. I was born at that place which is known as thepolitical laboratory of India- Bihar. So first I want to share something aboutthe politics of Bihar.
-Bihar was an important part of India's struggle for independence. Gandhi became themass leader only after the Champaran Satyagraha that he launched on therepeated request of a local leader, Raj kumar Shukla, he was supported by greatillumanaries like Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha andBrajkishore Prasad.
-Bihar movement &Aftermath: 1975-1990
Seealso: Jayaprakash Narayan, Bihar movement, and Indian Emergency
Afterindependence also, when India was falling into an autocratic rule during theregime of Indira Gandhi, the main thrust to the movement to hold elections camefrom Bihar under the leadership of Jayaprakash Narayan.
In1974, JP led the student's movement in the state of Bihar which graduallydeveloped in to a popular people's movement known as the Bihar movement. It wasduring this movement that JP gave a call for peaceful Total Revolution togetherwith V. M. Tarkunde, he founded the Citizens for Democracy in 1974 and thePeople's Union for Civil Liberties in 1976, both NGOs, to uphold and defendcivil liberties.On January 23, 1977, Indira Gandhi called fresh elections forMarch and released all political prisoners. Emergency officially ended on March23, 1977.The Congress Party, suffered a defeat at the hands of the Janata Partycoalition of several small parties created in 1977 and the alliance came topower, headed by Morarji Desai, who became the first non-Congress PrimeMinister of India. In Bihar, the Janata Party won all the fifty-four LokSabha seats in 1977 general elections under the mentorship of JayaprakashNarayan and rose to power in Bihar assembly too.Karpoori Thakur became CM afterwinning chief ministership contest from the then Janata Party PresidentSatyendra Narayan Sinha.
Bihar movement's campaign warned Indians that the elections might be their lastchance to choose between “democracy and dictatorship.”
Thisresulted in two things:
The identity of Bihar(from the word Vihar meaning monasteries) representing aglorious past was lost. Its voice often used to get lost in the din of regionalclamor of other states, specially the linguistic states like Uttar pradesh,Madhya pradesh etc.
Bihar gained an anti-establishment image. The establishment oriented press oftenprojected the state as indiscipline and anarchy.
Idealism did assert itself in the politics from time to time, viz, 1977 when a wavedefeated the entrenched Congress Party and then again in 1989 when Janata Dalcame to power on an anti corruption wave. In between, the socialist movementtried to break the stranglehold of the status quoits under the leadership ofMahamaya Prasad Sinha and Karpoori Thakur. Unfortunately, this could notflourish, partly due to the impractical idealism of these leaders and partlydue to the machinations of the central leaders of the Congress Party who feltthreatened by a large politically aware state. The Communist movement in Biharwas led by veteran communist leaders like Pandit Karyanand Sharma, IndradeepSinha and others.
Since the regional identity was slowly getting sidelined, its place was taken up bycaste based politics, power initially being in the hands of the Brahmins,Bhumihar Brahmins and Rajputs.